29 States of India And Their Capitals And Languages – PDF Included

Last updated: October 16th, 2022

India is a vast country with a rich diversity of languages and cultural traditions. The nation is home to hundreds of distinct ethnic groups, each with its own customs and traditions. The Indian government has recognized the need to preserve and celebrate this cultural diversity, so it has created an elaborate system for identifying and categorizing India’s different states and languages.

One important aspect of this system is the classification of states according to language. There are 24 different officially recognized “major” languages in India, among which Hindi is the most widely spoken. Each state then typically has its own particular mix of official and unofficial languages, ranging from major national languages like Hindi or Tamil to more localized dialects like Konkani or Telugu. In addition, some states also have their own unique scripts that are used for writing various local languages.

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List of 29 States of India And Their Languages

Name of the State Languages Name of the Capital
Andhra Pradesh Telugu Hyderabad/Amravati
Arunachal Pradesh {AP} English Itanagar
Assam Assamese Dispur
Bihar Hindi Patna
Chhattisgarh Hindi Raipur
Goa Konkani Panaji
Gujarat Gujarati Gandhinagar
Haryana Hindi Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh {HP} Hindi Shimla
Jammu & Kashmir {J&K} Urdu Srinagar (Summer) 

Jammu (Winter)

Jharkhand Hindi Ranchi
Karnataka Kannada Bangalore
Kerala Malayalam Trivendrum
Madhya Pradesh {MP} Hindi Bhopal
Maharashtra Marathi Mumbai
Manipur Meiteilon (Manipuri) Imphal
Meghalaya English Shillong
Mizoram Mizo, English & Hindi Aizawl
Nagaland English Kohima
Odisha Odia Bhubaneshwar
Punjab Punjabi Chandigarh
Rajasthan Hindi Jaipur
Sikkim English Gangtok
Tamil Nadu Tamil Chennai
Telangana Telugu & Urdu Hyderabad
Tripura Bengali, English & Kokborok Agartala
Uttar Pradesh {UP} Hindi Lucknow
Uttarakhand Hindi Dehradun
West Bengal {WB} Bengali Kolkata

List of the Indian Union Territories Languages and Capitals

Andaman & Nicobar Island Hindi & English Port Blair
Chandigarh English Chandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli Gujarati Marathi & Hindi Silvassa
Daman & Diu Konkani Daman
Delhi Hindi Delhi
Lakshadweep Malayalam & English Kavaratti
Pondicherry Tamil Pondicherry

List of National Symbols of India pdf

National Bird of India Peacock
National Animal of India Tiger
National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana
National Flower of India Lotus
The National Song of India Vande Mataram
National Fruit of India Mango
National Flag of India Tricolor {The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya
National Game of India Hockey
National Tree of India Banyan
National River of India Ganga
National Currency of India Indian Rupees
National Heritage Animal of India Elephant
National Aquatic Animal of India Ganges river dolphin
National Reptile of India Cobra

The reason for all this complexity comes down to the fact that India is a country soaked in history and tradition. Preserving its many languages and cultures ensures that future generations can continue to enjoy all that makes India such a rich and vibrant nation. And as long as there are people who speak these various dialects, there will always be a place in India where they can feel at home.


India is a fascinating country with 29 states and many different languages. Each state has its own unique culture and history that makes it an interesting place to visit. If you’re ever in India, be sure to check out the capital of each state and learn a little bit about the language spoken there. You’ll be amazed at how different each region of India is from the next!

WRITTEN BY Aman Sharma

Aman Sharma is a content writer who specializes in creating compelling, informative content. His writing style is engaging and easy to read, making it perfect for online readers. Aman is also an expert in social media marketing and knows how to use social media to promote your content.

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