Embroidery is not a simple process. It has so many details that you must know. For doing great embroidery work, appropriate knowledge about various types of stitches is necessary. To attain a decent-looking embroidery one should also have a grasp on basic hooping techniques, which includes adding thread to the machine, forming tension, bobbin, etc.
If you have expertise in these steps, the next step is to learn the basic framework of patterns and types of stitches. In this blog, various kinds of stitches are given, so make sure to read them till the end.
Satin stitch is by compactly arranged stitches formed in any direction, to create raised patterns to fill an area. It can be used for filling a heart or flower-shaped cloth. It is important to maintain the stitch density to make it look even. The wider satin stitch should be avoided as it can cause abrasion, especially in children’s apparel. Here are two variations of this stitch:
The structure is packed up with rows of little handling stitches that transform to satin stitches afterward.
- Long and short
It is used for fine shading. In the opening row of satin stitches, each stitch is half the length of its nearby stitch. Moreover, the successive rows in linked colors are of the same extent.
Running Stitch/Walk Stitch
It is the simplest stitch of all because it is made of only one stitch which is formed between two points. Running stitches are repeated again and again in a pattern until the desired design is attained. The use of this stitch is to finer details and outline the work. Area less than 1mm width is usually done with this type of stitch. However, these stitches can not be used for making complex patterns.
It is used to pack large space objects, that’s why it is called a fill stitch. The tatami stitch is the best option to select when the item is larger than 1 cm. This stitch supplies you with great creative attraction. Generally, the tatami aspect varies from the satin stitch, but it is smooth. You can also personalize the tatami effects on various angles and figures.
It is used to give an outline of the work. It uses 3 stitches laid back and forth between 2 points. It removes the need to secure the running stitch outline and also requires a few stitches. Bean stitches give a more noticeable appearance than Running stitches.
This stitch is similar to the top stitch, but looks busier and has a knit texture. It can be used to create letters and other shapes in embroidery designs. To create split stitches, perform the same stitch movement as a backstitch. But don’t go further, and pass the needle through the middle of the initial stitch. Split stitch is the easiest one to learn, and it is easy to make any shape you want in the pattern.
It is the last stitch that is used by numerous embroidery designs. There are various types of the cross stitch which include:
- Half cross
- Full cross
- Quarter cross, etc.
In hand embroidery, full cross stitches are the most popular and widely used stitches.
Once you have an understanding of these 9 basic stitches, you can easily express your art through different combinations and patterns of stitches. No matter how limited your tools are, if you have mastered these stitches, you can create complex designs with even single stitch digitizing in basic combinations.